The usage of 的，地 and 得
The 的 phrase
The 的 structure is one in which the structural particles 的 is attached to a notional word or phrase which refers to a person or thing.
这些画报是哥哥的。----- 的 is suffixed to a noun.
这些笔记是我的。------ 的 is suffixed to a pronoun.
红的做衣服。---- 的 is suffixed to an adjective.
参观的有二百人。---- 的 is suffixed to a verb.
参加晚会的都来了。---- 的 is suffixed to a VO (verb objective) phrase
我买的在这儿。---- 的 is suffixed to a SP (subject predicate) phrase
In a 的 phrase , as a rule, 的 must be suffixed to the other constituent (a word or a phrase).
No other function word is used between 的 and the other constituent.
The 的-phrase functions as a noun in a sentence.
As the subject 表演的是有名的演员。
As the object 我要买新的。
Usage of 得 (dé)
得 is a marker of complement. It closely follows a verb or an adjective , indicating the element after 得 is the complement to the verb or the adjective.
1. 得 follows a verb or adjective, indicating a kind of degree of state.
她说汉语说得很流利。 He can speaks fluent Chinese.
明明的脸圆得像个苹果。Ming Ming’s face is so round that it looks like an apple.
2. It is used after a verb, indicating potentiality or possibility.
他们说的上海话我都听得懂。I can understand the Shanghai dialect they speak.
这些酒我喝得完。 I can finish the wine.
他虽然年纪大了，但还走得动。 Although he is old, he can still walk.
Usage of 地 (dì)
The 地 is the maker of an adverbial. 地 is used before a verb or verbal phrase though not every adverbial has to take 地.
When 地 is compulsory to use : When an adjectival phrase servers as an adverbial (usually used in a descriptive adverbial)
认真工作 非常认真地工作 √ 非常认真工作 ⅹ
2. Monosyllable onomatopoeias must be followed by 地 when they used as adverbials